What are Frontend and Backend in Web Development?

Web Development

Frontend and backend are the two popular terms used in the field of development. These terms are important for web development, but they are not interchangeable. To improve the functionality of the website, each side must communicate and operate as a single unit.

In this article, I will discuss the difference between frontend and backend web development. So, let’s start with Front-end development.

Frontend Development

The front end of a website is the part with which the user directly interacts. We also know it as the application’s ‘client-side.’ It includes everything that users see and interact with: text colors and styles, images, graphs and tables, buttons, colors, and the navigation menu.

Front End developers make structure, design, behavior, and content of everything that users see on browser screens. The Front End’s primary goals are responsiveness and performance. The developer must ensure that the site is responsive, meaning that it appears correctly on devices of all sizes. No part of the website should behave aberrantly regardless of screen size.

Frontend Languages

We use some languages to make an attractive frontend website page. Following are some famous frontend languages:

  • HTML

HTML is an abbreviation for Hypertext Markup Language. It is used to create the front-end of web pages by using a markup language. Hypertext defines the link between web pages. The markup language is used to define text documentation within tags that define the structure of web pages.

  • CSS

CSS or Cascading Style Sheets is a simple language designed to make the process of making web pages presentable and convenient. We can apply styles to web pages using CSS. More importantly, CSS allows you to do this without relying on the HTML that makes up each web page.

  • JavaScript

JavaScript is a well-known scripting language that is used to create magic on websites in order to make them more interactive for users. It is used to improve the functionality of a website by allowing it to run cool games and web-based software.

There are numerous other languages that can be used for front-end development depending on the framework. For example, Flutter uses Dart, React uses JavaScript, and Django uses Python, among others.

Front-end Frameworks

  • AngularJS

AngularJs is an open-source JavaScript front-end framework that is used to develop single-page web applications (SPAs). It is a framework that is constantly expanding to provide better methods for developing web applications.

It transforms static HTML into dynamic HTML. It is an open-source project that may or may not be free. Directives are used to extend HTML attributes, and HTML is used to bind data.

  • ReactJS

React is a JavaScript library used for creating appealing UI of web applications. ReactJS is an open-source and component-based front-end library responsible for the application’s view layer. Facebook is in charge of its maintenance.

  • Flutter

Flutter is a Google-managed open-source UI development kit. Dart is the programming language that powers it. From a single code base, it generates efficient and aesthetically pleasing natively compiled applications for mobile (iOS, Android), web, and desktop.

Backend Development

The server-side of a website is also called backend development. It stores and organizes data while also ensuring that everything on the client-side of the website functions properly. It is the section of the website that you cannot view or interact with.

It is an essential part of the software that has no direct contact with the users. Users gain indirect access to the parts and characteristics created by backend designers via a front-end application. The backend also includes activities such as writing APIs, creating libraries, and working with system components without UI or scientific programming systems.

Backend Languages

  • PHP

For Web Development, PHP a server-side scripting language is specifically designed. PHP code is referred to as a server-side scripting language because we execute it on the server.

  • Java

Java is a popular and widely used programming language and platform. It is extremely scalable. Components for Java are widely available.

  • Python

Python is a programming language that allows you to work quickly and efficiently integrate systems.

  • NodeJS

Node.js is a cross-platform open-source runtime environment for executing JavaScript code outside of a browser. It’s important to remember that NodeJS is not a framework or a programming language. Most people are bewildered and believe it is a framework or a programming language.

We frequently use Node.js to create back-end services such as APIs, Web Apps, and Mobile Apps. Large corporations such as PayPal, Uber, Netflix, and Walmart use it in production.

Backend Frameworks

  • Express
  • Django
  • Rails
  • Laravel
  • Spring

Difference Between Frontend and Backend Development

As you have seen above what is backend in web development and also learn the frontend languages. 

Frontend and backend development are very different, but they are both aspects of the same situation. The frontend is what users see and interact with, while the backend is where everything happens.

  • The frontend is the visible portion of the website, including the graphical user interface (GUI) and command line, as well as the layout, navigation menus, texts, images, videos, and so on. The backend is the part of the website that users cannot see or interact with.
  • Frontend refers to the visual aspects of a website that users can see and experience. We refer to everything that happens in the computer’s background as backend development.
  • Front-end languages include HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, while back-end languages include Java, Ruby, Python, and .Net.


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